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                                                                         MOMBASA

One day we visit Mombasa, unfortunately it was raining!! It was really wet!!!

First we visit Fort Jesus:
Fort Jesus, located on the edge of a coral ridge overlooking the entrance to the Old Port of Mombasa, was built by the Portuguese in 1593-1596 to protect their trade route to India and their interests in East Africa. It was designed by an Italian architect, Giovanni Battista Cairati . Mombasa became Portugal’s main trading centre along the East Coast of Africa.
 

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In February 1661 the Sultan of Oman sacked the Portuguese town of Mombasa but did not attack the fort. It was in 1696 that a large Omani Arabs expedition reached Mombasa, from 13 March 1696 the fort was under siege, the fort had a garrison of 50-70 Portuguese soldiers and several hundred loyal coast Arabs.  On 15 September 1697 a Portuguese ship arrived with some reinforcement and also at the end of December 1697 another ship came from Goa with a few soldiers. After another year of siege, in December 1698, the Portuguese garrison was reduced to the Captain, 9 men and a priest (Fr. Manoes de Jesus). After a siege of two years and nine months the Omani Arabs took the fort. They could do this because the garrison was reduced to nine soldiers the others were death by disease. On the morning of 13 December 1698 the Omani Arabs did the decisive attack and took the fort, just seven days later a Portuguese relief fleet arrived at Mombasa, but it was too late.

British influence grew in the region and they crushed a mutiny lead by the fort's commandant in 1875. England then leased the coastal strip from the Sultan of Zanzibar and turned the Fort Jesus into a prison until 1958.
 

 

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The Fort Jesus museum was built with a grant from the Gulbenkian Foundation. The exhibits consist of finds from archaeological excavations at Fort Jesus, Gedi, Manda, Ungwana and other sites.

 

Old Town gives visitors a taste of what Mombasa used to be like. The further you go into Old Town (away from the fort), the more you can enjoy its winding streets. “Old Town” is the part of Mombasa that is reminiscent of the days when the Arabs exerted a heavy influence on the town and its culture, and especially in the architecture

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The Hindu temple is a one of the many symbols of Mombasa's cultural diversity

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Here are no pictures of The Mombasa "Tusks"  (are symbolic representations of entrance into the heart of the town. The tusks were built to commemorate the visit of Queen Elizabeth to the town in 1952, as they lay directly on the path from the port to the town.)